LAMP2 Development Impact Study (2012-2013)

The Land Administration and ManagementLAMP2 04 Program (LAMP) was designed as a long-term program to address the root causes of the country’s weak land administration and management system and services. At the time LAMP was being developed, there were millions of land parcels in the country that remained untitled. There existed multiple and highly variable land valuation standards and systems that created inequities in taxation of real properties and discouraged proper and transparent reporting of revenues. Land administration reforms were deemed necessary in order to improve security of land tenure, generate more investments in agriculture and property development, and raise much-needed revenues for the government.

LAMP2 01Phase 1 or LAMP 1 started in January 2001. It supported policy and legislative reforms and related advocacy measures, and innovations to improve survey and titling processes, and records management procedures. Building on initiatives and lessons of LAMP 1, a five-year LAMP 2 commenced implementation in 2005. It continued to push for policy, institutional, legislative and procedural reforms and intensified efforts towards valuation and property tax reform. Tenure security efforts were progressively expanded to cover more municipalities and provinces.

LAMP 2 focused on two key investment programs: provision of secure tenure rights to occupants of A&D public lands in three pilot provinces (Component 3), and development of uniform valuation standards and demonstration of appropriate valuation and real property tax in one city (Component 4).

The Development Impact Study (DIS) LAMP2 02that was assigned to OIDCI focused on these two components. The study looked at the overall performance of LAMP 2 but the bigger part of the assignment was the assessment of the impacts of titling and land registration in Leyte, Bohol and Bukidnon and of market-based valuation and property tax reforms in Naga City. Among the key impact indicators were efficiency, effectiveness and transparency in the delivery of land administration services; reduced disputes on land ownership and boundaries; increased activity of the formal land market; increased investments in agriculture and property development; reduced time and cost to obtain titles; increased government revenues; and reduced level of graft and corruption in land transactions. The results of the study are to be used in the design of LAMP3.

LAMP2 03The study design was patterned after the baseline survey conducted in 2009 and 2011, also by OIDCI, in order to make possible “before” and “after” comparisons. A combination of quantitative and qualitative methods was used: structured interviews, key informant/semi-structured interviews, focus groups discussions and case studies. Informants consisted of staffs from national government agencies and local government units who were involved in implementation activities, 1,277 landowners who were issued free patents, and women leaders. A control group consisting of 627 households in barangays not covered by the project allowed “with” and ”without” analysis of some indicators.

The study team consisted of specialists in research design, statistical and qualitative methods, and institutional, socio-economic and gender analysis. About 40 field researchers and enumerators were mobilized in the four study areas. OIDCI tapped the Ateneo de Naga University for the study on the impact of property tax reforms in Naga City.

Contributing to the socioeconomic development of the country, a key ingredient of nation-building is what the projects aim to accomplish as it further traverses the road to reform.

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